Peppers Fresh or Frozen

The pepper seeds I planted nearly two weeks ago are starting to germinate, tiny, pointed green leaves against brown potting soil.  Of the trio of summer heat lovers, tomatoes, eggplant and peppers, peppers always take the longest to germinate, two weeks or more compared to a week or less for the others.  Even though I’ve learned over the years that pepper seeds with their harder coating germinate more slowly, I still watch anxiously each year for the first shoots to emerge.

Pepper sprouts

This year I’ve planted three sweet reds: Revolution, King of the North and Carmen; two oranges: Gourmet and Gilboa; four yellows: Flavorburst, Golden Star, Superette and Golden Treasure and one poblano, Ancho Magnifico.  In another week or two, I’ll move the seedlings to four-inch pots and by early May, after hardening them off, I’ll plant them in the greenhouse and in a cloche.  I grow a lot of peppers, usually around 45 plants, enough for crisp fresh peppers at the height of summer but also plenty to roast and freeze for winter and early spring meals.

Frozen then thawed roasted peppers are as tasty and versatile as roasted peppers just off the broiler or grill.  And all the time-consuming work of peeling and seeding happened back at the end of the summer.

Peppers pealingAll I need to do now is thaw them.  We’re still enjoying last year’s peppers on sandwiches and pizzas, in pastas and risottos and sauces as the little shoots of the coming summer’s plants put out more leaves.  Last year’s supply will probably be gone before this year’s is ripe, perhaps a reason to start a few more seeds. There’s still time.

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Freezing Shell Beans, Corn and Peppers

One of the pleasures of living in a climate where we can grow vegetables year-round is that my food preparations for the winter season happen outdoors in the garden rather than inside in the kitchen. Mid-July finds me transplanting leeks, planting kale, rutabaga, carrots, beets and turnips, and from August to late September I’m planting radicchio and escarole, arugula, mustard and mache or harvesting storage onions, potatoes and winter squash. For me, there’s none of that canning and freezing of peas and beans, broccoli and cauliflower, carrots or beets that kept my mother in her New England kitchen on so many lovely summer days.

But there does come a time in late August and early September when the abundance of a few favorite summer crops sends me to the kitchen, to the blanching kettle and the freezer bags. Shell beans, corn and peppers are delicious right now fresh from the garden, but they are also easy to process and freeze and, even more important, they are versatile additions to the winter kitchen and even after some freezer time taste almost as good as fresh.  So for about a week at the end of summer I become my mother, checking the ice and freezer bag supply, watching the crops for perfect ripeness and finally setting aside some time indoors to take vegetables from harvest to freezer.

Shell beans are ready to harvest when the pods are still flexible and the beans inside are fully formed but not yet dry.  Shelling the beans from the pods is the time-consuming bit but it is a task I can do while sitting outside, taking in the view and the colorful beans that tumble from each pod.  Blanching, chilling and freezing these shelled beans is much faster: blanch for three minutes in boiling water, chill in lots of ice-filled water for another three minutes, spread on a towel to dry a bit, pack into freezer bags and put in the freezer. The shell beans I grow are a cranberry bean variety from seeds I got from Territorial Seeds in the 1980s and have saved each year.

Shell beans harvesting

Shell beans on terraceCorn is ready to harvest when I pull back a bit of husk on a few ears and see firm yellow kernels filling the cob.  It’s a check-every-day sort of thing.  Unlike beans, whose harvest window is about a week wide, corn needs to be picked as soon as it’s ripe or the sweet crispness will shift to starchy chewiness.  Compared to the quiet neatness of bean shelling, husking ears of corn is a noisy, messy task, ripping and tearing and lots flying corn silk.  And the smooth, yellow ears take longer to process than beans do but the prospect of corn in winter makes the mess and time worth it.  Boil the cobs for 6-8 minutes (my kettle holds six ears at a time), chill in icy water for another 6-8 minutes, drip dry on kitchen towels, slice the kernels from the cobs, pack into freezer bags, chill a bit more and put in the freezer.  The corn I grow is Seneca Horizon from West Coast Seeds.

Corn harvest wheelbarrow Corn shucking Corn freezing in kitchenPeppers have the longest harvest window as they slowly turn from green to red, orange or yellow depending on the variety.  I like the sweet flavor of fully ripe peppers so I harvest the most colorful and leave the green or partially green peppers until the next round. To prepare them for freezing, I arrange whole peppers in a single layer on a large sheet pan and slide them under the broiler, turning them as each side blisters and blackens until the skin on all sides is loose.  Next I pile them in a large bowl, top the bowl with dinner plates and leave then to steam for about an hour until they are cool enough to handle.  Then it’s pretty easy though a bit messy to peel off the skin, spread open the flesh and remove the seeds.  Once they’ve cooled, I slide them into freezer bags, seal and freeze.  For sweet red peppers, I grow Revolution and Carmen, for a sweet orange pepper Gourmet, for a sweet yellow pepper Flavorburst and for Poblano chilies Ancho Magnifico.

Peppers, eggplant in GHPeppers broiling Peppers pealing

With the work of harvest and preparation done, these packets of frozen shell beans, corn and peppers make quick winter meals. I get it why my mother put all those summer hours into filling the freezer.  For a quick bowl of beans, I boil the frozen shell beans until they’re soft, ten minutes or so, dress them with olive oil, salt and pepper and serve.  I also add them to sautéed kale or escarole, to pasta, risotto and farro and to soups.  With frozen corn, I prefer to thaw the kernels first and sauté them quickly in olive oil or butter, but you can also boil the frozen kernels just until they’re hot, drain and serve.  Shell beans and corn mixed together and served with butter, salt and pepper make that perfect New England dish: succotash. I loved it when my mother served it and love it still.  At room temperature mixed with slivered dried tomatoes and some pickled red storage onions, corn and shell beans make a delicious winter salad, not quite as crisp as the summer version but still wonderful.  And frozen peppers are good in all sorts of things.  I thaw them and use them to top pizzas, brighten pasta sauces, stews or frittatas or blend into spicy Romesco sauce for meats or vegetables.

Having shell beans, corn and peppers in the winter larder is worth spending a few precious summer days indoors.  My mother would be pleased.